The confidence of employers in the Scottish construction industry has taken a hit as fears over future work prospects grow. This is a key conclusion of the latest Scottish Construction Monitor, a quarterly survey of the membership of the Scottish Building Federation which represents hundreds of building companies located throughout Scotland, from Orkney to the Borders.
Employers responding to the survey are asked to rate how confident they feel about the prospects for their business over the next 12 months compared to the past year. Following three consecutive quarters during which the industry’s confidence was rated marginally positive at PLUS 2, confidence has slipped into negative territory this quarter, down seven points to MINUS 5.
Industry employers point to growing fears over the future pipeline of new work as a potential explanation for the fall in confidence. Latest official statistics show strong output across many sectors of the industry over the year to March 2017 but with major infrastructure projects still making an outsized contribution to overall output at just under £3 billion or more than 20% of the total. By comparison, the infrastructure sector of the industry contributed less than £1 billion of industry output during the 12 months to March 2007 – equivalent to 8% of total industry output.
Meanwhile, the housing sector of the industry contributed 19% of total industry output during the year to March 2017 whereas its contribution to total industry output in 2006/07 was more than 25%. Output from the private commercial sector of the industry has dropped from 25% in 2006/07 to 18% in 2016/17.
Building employers are concerned that, as major projects such as the Queensferry Crossing and the Aberdeen Western Peripheral Route draw to a close, the industry is likely to suffer a major contraction due to an apparent shortage of other work to fill the gap.
Commenting on the headline survey results, Scottish Building Federation President and Managing Director of Orkney Builders Stephen Kemp said:
“Many building employers are increasingly nervous about the future prospects for our industry. There is a feeling that the underlying fundamentals of the industry are not nearly as strong as record output figures might suggest. We know that a period of record output from major infrastructure projects such as the AWPR and the Queensferry Crossing is about to come to an end. Strip away those numbers and the performance of other key sectors of the industry such as housing and private commercial don’t look that strong.
“As that infrastructure work dries up over the next year or so, we could see the industry suffer a real shock. Levels of industry employment, which have been very slowly recovering, could slip into reverse. I think that is what SBF members are now worried about – hence the reason why industry confidence has declined.
“In reality, the local community and economic benefits provided by these large infrastructure projects are limited. To ensure the long term health of the construction industry and the wider Scottish economy, the Scottish Government now needs to focus on supporting smaller scale projects throughout Scotland. Such a strategy will help to sustain building SMEs that are the real drivers of employment and economic added value in Scottish construction. Without this, we could be facing a cliff edge that tips the industry – and the wider Scottish economy – into recession.”
William Gray, Managing Director of William Gray Construction Ltd. and a Director of the Scottish Building Federation, commented:
“The long term trend in employment in Scottish construction has been downward. Here in the Highlands, we’ve seen the local industry workforce drop from almost 11,000 in 2006 to around 6,700 last year. More recently, we have seen industry employment showing some modest signs of recovery. But there has definitely been an over-reliance on major infrastructure projects to sustain the industry.
“We need to see support and investment for housing and commercial projects. Streamlining the planning and building control process would help, as would increasing staffing so they can make decisions more quickly. One solution would be to change the rules so rates don’t need to be paid on new industrial buildings until they actually have a tenant, as speculative building is now at an almost complete halt.”
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Notes to Editors
- Scottish Building Federation (SBF)
The SBF promotes the interests of the construction industry to a diverse range of stakeholders and is the leading employers’ federation for the industry, representing hundreds of companies from Orkney to the Borders.
- Scottish Construction Monitor
41 Scottish construction firms completed the survey online or by post between 29th May and 10th July 2017. Businesses were categorised in terms of size (no. of employees and turnover).
- Business Confidence Index methodology
The Scottish Construction Monitor is calculated from the responses to the following:
“Overall, how would you describe your confidence in the economic prospects facing your business over the next 12 months, compared to the previous 12 months?”
A score is applied to each response as shown below, and an average score calculated:
|Much more confident||+100|
|Slightly more confident||+50|
|Slightly less confident||-50|
|Much less confident||-100|
Using this method, a Confidence Index of +100 would indicate that all survey respondents were much more confident about future prospects, while -100 would indicate that all survey respondents were much less confident about future prospects.